Heavy alcohol use is another high-risk
activity associated with oral cancer
Other risks include poor dental and oral hygiene and chronic irritation (such as that from rough teeth, dentures, or fillings). Some oral cancers begin as leukoplakia or mouth ulcers.
When physicians detect oral tongue cancer at an early stage, they can often treat it with surgery or radiation. In later stages, the cancer may require a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.