Neck, shoulder, upper back or abdominal discomfort
Shortness of breath
Nausea or vomiting
Lightheadedness or dizziness
These signs and symptoms are more subtle than the obvious crushing chest pain often associated with heart attacks
. This may be due to the smaller arteries involved or
because in men
, the bulky, unstable plaques tend to burst open whereas in women, plaques erode, exposing the inner layers of the artery.