[86-89] Hip dysplasia is estimated to lead to clinically significant arthritis is fewer than 5% of affected dogs, but there are many factors involved including breed, weight, and the degree of
anatomic abnormality of
the hip joint
, which makes predicting the outcome for any individual difficult. The incidence of hip dysplasia is most strongly associated with breed and family history.[86,90,91].
Some studies have identified neutering as increasing the risk of hip dysplasia.[86,92].