[86-89] Hip dysplasia is estimated to lead to clinically significant arthritis is fewer than 5% of affected dogs, but there are many factors involved including breed, weight
the degree of anatomic abnormality of the hip joint, which makes predicting the outcome for
any individual difficult. The incidence of hip dysplasia is most strongly associated with breed and family history.[86,90,91].
Some studies have identified neutering as increasing the risk of hip dysplasia.[86,92].