Hiv aids epidemic sub saharan africa

Common Questions and Answers about Hiv aids epidemic sub saharan africa

hiv

936016 tn?1332769204 The UN AIDS programme estimates that in excess of 5.7 million people are living with HIV in South Africa with around 3.2 million being women and 280,000 children up to the age of 14 years. The prevalence of HIV in the general population in South Africa is over 18% compared with less than 0.2% in the UK.
936016 tn?1332769204 Non-French nationals made up 23% of all infections in 2008, with most of them thought to be from sub-Saharan Africa. HIV infection among injecting drug users, despite rising in other countries, stayed low between 2003 and 2008 at around 1 or 2 percent. “Our results provide a new perspective on the HIV epidemic in France,” said Dr Stephane Le Vu, “HIV transmission disproportionately affects certain risk groups and seems to be out of control in the MSM (men who have sex with men) population.
Avatar m tn I've read that around 1 million people in the U.S. are believed to be HIV positive. In some Sub-Saharan African countries the infection rate is 30%. It's just very confusing to someone like me, who is 29 and grew up in the 80's, and hence HIV paranoid all his life. A year and a half ago, I had an encounter with a prostitute while on vacation in Europe. It was protected and she said she didn't use drugs.
Avatar n tn not once has anybody reported having a patient whose only exposure to a high risk partner was fingering who then caught HIV. Not once in 30 years of the AIDS epidemic worldwide. Therefore, it is obvious that cuts make no measurable difference. You're trying awfully hard to prove to me (and to yourself) that you were at risk. You were not. Please accept the reassurance you have been given and move on.
Avatar n tn the proportion of men in the population who are not circumcised, the prevalence of HSV-2, the frequency of other STDs, availability of antiretroviral therapy, the proportion of the populations with multiple or concurrent partners (higher in sub-Saharan Africa than in the US, for example), and stage of the epidemic (which translates into the average viral load in infected persons).
Avatar m tn 4 million adults and children died as a result of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Since the beginning of the epidemic more than 15 million Africans have died from AIDS. http://www.avert.org/aids-impact-africa.htm What do you can bad then?
Avatar f tn of heterosexually infected males. In 30+ years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US, only a relative handful of men (a few thousand) have acquired HIV through heterosexual exposre -- in a country with something like 120 million heterosexually active males. Further, most men infected heterosexually were the spouses or other regular partners of infected women, not infected during casual, one-time partnerships.
Avatar m tn It's a bit too soon to know if that prediction is truly accurate -- after all, we are only ~35 years into the known HIV/AIDS epidemic, and only 15 years into truly effective anti-HIV treatment. Therefore, the current predictions will have to be proved by the actual experiences of people diagnosed in the past several years, treated aggressively, and followed for the next 30-50 years.
Avatar n tn although we don't always say so in individual replies, often we have pointed out that the risks are higher in places like sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. There are no data that allow direct estimation of the numerical risks per exposure from those areas, but probably they are higher than in industrialized settings.
Avatar n tn But the 1/1000 estimate for vaginal intercourse clearly doesn't apply in some settings, such as sub-Saharan Africa. The reasons for the geographic differences are complex and not completely understood, but they include differences in background rates of STDs that enhance transmission, patterns of sexual behavior, and--very important--the stage of the epidemic.
Avatar m tn Geographical distribution Hepatitis B virus can cause an acute illness with symptoms that last several weeks, including yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Hepatitis B prevalence is highest in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia. Most people in these regions become infected with the hepatitis B virus during childhood and between 5–10% of the adult population is chronically infected.
Avatar f tn Millions of cases of an infection for which there is no vaccine, no effective treatment, and where case management is so expensive that it is beyond the reach of most patients," said Dr. Laith J. Abu-Raddad, co-author of the study and assistant professor of public health at the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group at the Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar." Alarming.
Avatar m tn KS was thought to be an uncommon tumor of Jewish and Mediterranean populations until it was realized that it is actually quite common throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This led to the first suggestions in the 1950s that this tumor might be caused by a virus.
264121 tn?1313033056 htm The infection rate for AIDS throughout the entire world is 1 percent or less except in two countries, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Thanks to the success of HIV meds, HIV patients now have a NORMAL life expectancy.....that's 77.8 years. We can't say the same for Hep C patients. There are 3,538 clinical trials for HIV/Aids.....but only 571 for Hepatitis C (many involving HIV/HCV co-infection). The NIH is spending $3,052 on each citizen estimated as having HIV/AIDS....
Avatar n tn Peek - the AAP is a very political organization. They've come about as close as they can come to recommending it, without actually doing so. Note their statement, made in 1999 (the last one I could find on the issue), and note that the website publishing it has opted to highlight the only negative portion of it. The first phrase says it all, in my opinion. It's beneficial, they know it, and they don't dare say it more clearly than this for political reasons. http://www.cirp.
86075 tn?1238118691 It was followed by Japan, Macau, San Marino and Singapore. The shortest life expectancies were clustered in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that has been hit hard by an epidemic of HIV and AIDS, as well as famine and civil strife. Swaziland has the shortest, at 34.1 years, followed by Zambia, Angola, Liberia and Zimbabwe. Researchers said several factors have contributed to the United States falling behind other industrialized nations.
163305 tn?1333672171 The shortest life expectancies were clustered in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that has been hit hard by an epidemic of HIV and AIDS, as well as famine and civil strife. Swaziland has the shortest, at 34.1 years, followed by Zambia, Angola, Liberia and Zimbabwe. Researchers said several factors have contributed to the United States falling behind other industrialized nations.
181575 tn?1250202386 Notes from "Chronic Hepatitis B: Preventing, Detecting, and Managing Viral Resistance" by Keeffe, Emmet B., Dieterich, Douglas T., Pawlotsky, Jean-Michael, and Benhamou, Yves in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2008;6:268-274. Full paper in http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15423565 1. Monotherapy using lamivudine has the longest history of use and shows highest rate of resistance.