There are many different pain medications, including acetaminophen (Tylenol, and also in other combination products), aspirin and NSAIDS
(non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, etc.), opioids (morphine, hydrocodone, codeine, etc) and more. Different pain medications are used to treat different types of pain. For example, pain medication for treating acute inflammation is different from treating chronic nerve damage.