In many cases, prompt diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause can reduce the risk for
permanent nerve damage. For
example, controlling diabetes may reduce diabetic neuropathy and renal dialysis often improves neuropathy that develops as a result of chronic renal failure.
Treatment options for reducing pain include medication, injection therapy, and physical therapy. Surgery may be needed to treat some causes of neuropathy (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome, radiculopathy).