Traumatic injury such as a fall, automobile accident
Growth of the cyst
Although gender may not be a risk factor, Tarlov cysts have more often been found in women than men
Most of the time Tarlov cysts do not cause symptoms. Cysts may cause pain and other signs of nerve irritation, such as weakness, numbness, burning, and tingling. In some cases, it can cause problems with bladder and bowel function.